1. Sangupiddy Bridge

This 288 m long Sangupiddy Bridge, connects the Jaffna peninsula with Pooneryn. Prior to the construction of this bridge, travellers to Jaffna would have to travel all the way around via Elephant Pass. Following the end of the civil war, plans were drawn to build a bridge on the site of the part complete causeway built by the British in 1932. This bridge was formally opened on 16 January 2011, and reduces the journey time from the south to Jaffna by almost 3hrs.

The North and East, bore the brunt of the Sri Lankan Civil war, which raged for almost 30 years, from 1983 through to the end of the war in 2009.

An insurgency against the government, led by Velupillai Prabhakaran, the leader of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE, also known as the Tamil Tigers) escalated into the Sri Lankan Civil War, following the events of Black July.

On the night of 24 July 1983, anti-Tamil rioting started in the capital city of Colombo, and spread to other parts of the country
Over seven days, mobs attacked, burned, looted, and killed Tamil civilians. This day is remembered as black July.

These sad sequence of events are said to be what gave strength to one of the most deadly terrorist organisations in the world. The LTTE.

One of the main divisions of LTTE included the Black Tigers, an elite fighting wing of the movement, whose mission included carrying out suicide attacks against enemy targets. All soldiers of LTTE carried a suicide pill around their necks to escape captivity and torture by enemy forces.

The FBI has described the LTTE as "amongst the most dangerous and deadly extremist outfits in the world". The FBI further states that "LTTE's ruthless tactics have inspired terrorist networks worldwide, including Al-Qaeda in Iraq. According to the International Institute for Strategic Studies, LTTE was the first insurgent organisation to use concealed explosive belts and vests and had carried out the highest number of suicide attacks around the world, by the time the Sri Lankan civil war ended in 2009.

  • Sangupiddy Bridge

  • LTTE Suicide Squads